Balansiya Under the Cid Key Facts

The eleventh century brought great changes in the political landscape of the peninsula. The dissolution of the Caliphate led to the subsequent rise of many small kings, known as “taifas”. The Taifas’ kingdoms were rich from taxes that they had not channelled to Cordoba, but were weak militarily, and yielded to the pressure of the early Christian kingdoms, who imposed heavy taxes and threatened them with periodic military raids. It was under these circumstances that el Cid (from the Arabic sayyid, or “sir”), a seasoned knight from Burgos, took control of the Valencian territory, conquering the capital in 1094.

The five scenes evoke, in the form of a flashback, the most notable events from the taifa of Balansiya.